Waste indiscriminate disposal is recognized as an important cause of environmental pollution and is associated with health problems. Safe management and disposal of household waste are an important problem to the capital city of Guinea Conakry. The objective of this study was to identify socioeconomic and demographic factors associated with practice, knowledge, and safety behavior of family members regarding household waste management and to produce a remedial action plan.
I found that no education background, income, and female individuals were independently associated with indiscriminate waste disposal. Unplanned residential area was an additional factor associated with indiscriminate waste disposal. I also found that the community residents had poor knowledge and unsafe behavior in relation to waste management. The promotion of environmental information and public education and implementation of community action programs on disease prevention and health promotion will enhance environmental friendliness and safety of the community.
Humanity continues to develop and produce cutting-edge products in order to fulfill its most fundamental needs of life. However, the resulting production and consumption of resources end up with prominent problems regarding solid waste generation and management in diverse parts of the world [ 1 ]. Safe management and disposal of household waste are problems that face some metropolitan cities in Guinea [ 34 ].
Yet, the environmental pollution associated with indiscriminate waste disposal has serious negative impacts on public health and safety [ 56 ]. The major causes of improper management of solid waste are related to the lack of financial management and logistics, deficient municipal infrastructures, lopsided planning pastures, disregard for basic aesthetics, and industrial and commercial growths as well as the perceptions and sociocultural practices [ 78 ].
Household Waste Management Project
Although inadequate management of solid waste might be attributed to numerous factors, it is essential to emphasize the role of community residents, their attitudes, their waste handling practices, and their interactions with other actors in the waste system because they are the main end-users of waste management facilities [ 19 ]. Barrier to solid waste management in Guinea might be quite unique per se in terms of environmental impacts, socioeconomic factors, and cultural heritage, so different areas will find different strategies effective for proper waste management.
Some research studies found that either at-home safety consciousness [ 9 ] or knowledge [ 10 ] of waste related deleterious health effects is associated with household waste disposal strategy. For example, safety behavior is required to prevent direct contamination and exposure to infectious and injurious substances to health from household waste on the one hand.
On the other hand, increasing knowledge can foster positive attitudes and build safe practices among populations. In Guinea, there is a lack of measures aimed at informing the public about the causal connection between environmental pollution and health, and no provision has been made for a long-term evaluation which would make it possible to examine whether the measures are helping to reduce environmentally related health problems in a cost-effective manner [ 34 ].
Therefore, research and development in waste management should continue to improve data, models, and concepts related to long-term safety of disposal of long-lived waste.
The main objectives of this study were 1 to identify factors associated with abnormal household waste disposal and 2 to assess the household knowledge of the health and safety risks posed by improper disposal of household special waste.
An interesting aspect to the study is the focus it puts on the largest and most urbanized city of Guinea, Conakry.This paper analyzes waste disposal, recycling and composting in a municipality in southwest Sweden. This led to a significant reduction in waste collected and increased recycling. This makes it possible to carry out a more reliable and more detailed analysis than has been previously possible, particularly with respect to attitudinal variables. The most important determinants of each individual household's waste were composting of kitchen waste, living area, age and attitudes concerning the difficulty of recycling various materials.
Separate sections look at composting behaviour, at willingness to pay for sound waste management and for the sake of comparison three other municipalities are also studied. The main finding is that economic incentives, although important, are not the only driving force behind the observed reduction in municipal waste: Given the proper infrastructure that facilitates recycling, people are willing to invest more time than can be motivated purely by savings on their waste management bill.
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Researcher Academy Author Services Try out personalized alert features. Waste Management Open Access Articles. The latest Open Access articles published in Waste Management. Effect of compaction and soil moisture on the effective permeability of sands for use in methane oxidation systems - Open access 15 April Green solvents in recovery of aluminium and plastic from waste pharmaceutical blister packaging - Open access 15 April Health effects associated with proximity to waste collection points in Beitbridge Municipality, Zimbabwe - Open access 15 March Obtaining of oil blocks as a way to manage hazardous asbestos - Open access 15 March Technologies for chemical recycling of household plastics — A technical review and TRL assessment - Open access 15 March The environmental benefits of improving packaging waste collection in Europe - Open access 15 February Legal situation and current practice of waste incineration bottom ash utilisation in Europe - Open access 1 February Household waste management project refers to separating the household waste into different parts, and then turning the waste materials into useful resources.
It also can be called household waste sorting plant or household waste recycling plant. Generally ,the household waste mainly can be finally divided into four parts:. Hazardous waste, including waste batteries, waste fluorescent tubes, waste mercury thermometer, expired drugs, and these garbage materials need special and safe management. Other garbage: in addition to the above types of garbage, the brick and tile ceramics, dregs and other materials also need to be disposed specially.
Firstly, light waste plastics; secondly, heavy materials bricks and stones, rubber overshoes, tiles, glasses, etc. Plastic feeder, uniform distributing machine, bag breaking machine, magnetic separator, sealed belt conveyor, rotating screening machine, comprehensive suction machine, manual sorting platform, etc.
The household waste sorting machine will save a lot of land and capital. The household waste management plant belongs to a social welfare environmental-protection project, which can improve the living environmental for people, and also improve the ecological environment and promote the economic construction of the city.
The establishment of the household waste recycling plant can not only create economic benefits, but also bring real and long-term social benefits. The garbage disposal plant project will provide new treatment sites for the urban and rural garbage, and the household waste can be fully reduced, reused and recycled. On the one hand, the construction of household waste treatment equipment can eliminate the water, soil and air pollution caused by the garbage, to protect the nearby water safety and effectively reduce the incidence of infectious diseases; on the other hand, the management of household waste can also reduce the loss of agriculture, animal husbandry, fisheries caused by garbage, and promote the development of social productive forces.
Q: The position of the application of household waste sorting technology in household waste disposal? A: In the view of the status situation of household waste management, in order to achieve urban and rural waste reduction, resource, harmless, the household waste sorting process is the key part in the household waste comprehensive treatment.
From the point of view of comprehensive treatment, choose a reasonable route of municipal solid waste sorting to improve its effectiveness and efficiency, and simplify the follow-up process route to reduce the investment and operation cost, which is important. A: The household waste has big differences due to the different regions and seasons. Therefore, the treatment of garbage needs field trips according to the local conditions.
Q: What are the advantages of the household waste management project in disposing household waste? It adopts fully enclosed and mechanized sorting systemwhich can greatly save manual sorting and labor costs. Because the paper is hydrophilic, and the proportion of water absorption is much larger than the plastic film, we can use comprehensive suction machine to separate the plastic and paper out.
The household waste had not been disposed properly and had caused serious air pollution, water pollution and land pollution. Establishing a new household waste management plant is the fundamental way to solve the garbage problem.
The local government in many countries has attached great importance to the plant and regard the plant as a key project. The government also will provides funds and policies support for the disposal of municipal solid waste. If you want to start a household waste management project, please contact us right now. We will provide the most professional advice, advanced technology, high-quality products, and top-class service.
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Leftover products in any home can pose hazards when not stored or disposed of properly. Household hazardous waste is any waste product found in your home, yard or garage that can cause harm to human health or the environment when improperly managed.
Household hazardous waste is not subject to Wisconsin's hazardous waste rules unless it is separated from normal household trash for management, but it is still potentially dangerous when stored or disposed of improperly. This page and the Household Hazardous Waste Management Guide help residents to identify, reduce and safely dispose of household hazardous waste. Many household hazardous wastes can be collected or exchanged at community collection or exchange points.
To find permanent collection facilities or hazardous waste collection events in your area, you can consult the Department of Agriculture, Trade and Consumer Protection's Wisconsin Clean Sweep program. Please check with your local Clean Sweep contact to verify Clean Sweep collection events. In addition, some permanent household hazardous waste collection sites have temporarily closed or added restrictions, so please check with your local facility. You can also contact your local solid waste department for information about additional collection events scheduled in your area.
The tables below provide quick reference for how to handle and dispose of individual household hazardous waste items.
If you are unsure about whether any part of your waste is hazardous waste or about how to store or dispose of something not listed below, keep it out of the trash and contact a DNR waste management specialist. Used motor oil and other automotive fluids are household hazardous wastes. An easy first step is to reduce the amount of potentially hazardous product you buy and keep in your house.
Domestic waste disposal practice and perceptions of private sector waste management in urban Accra
Residents can read labels for warnings and disposal instructions and buy only what they can use entirely. Once you have identified household hazardous waste, check the product label for safe storage and disposal directions. See Proper handling of used batteries for more information. Many regular household cleaning products are household hazardous wastes. Residents can read labels for warnings and disposal instructions, and buy only what they can use entirely.
Never mix products containing ammonia with those containing bleach. Solvent-containing products are labelled as "flammable," "combustible" or "containing petroleum distillates. Different kinds of paints and stains require different methods for safe disposal. Weed killers and pesticides used on lawns are hazardous when stored or disposed of improperly.
Pressurized containers can explode under heat or pressure and should be kept out of regular waste collection. Smoke detectors contain small amounts of hazardous material and should be disposed of carefully.
The DNR offers information on how to safely dispose of other potentially hazardous household waste items. These include:. If disposing of fertilizer without weed killer, air-dry it or mix it with cat litter until solid, then place it in regular trash. Learn more about ways to Connect with DNR. Webster Street. Site requirements Accessibility Legal Privacy Employee resources. Current topics Forest management Topics: fire, health, landowners. Settings Close Menu.Solid waste management is an essential service in any society.
Before introducing the process, however, let's start with a discussion of the material being managed—solid waste. Solid waste refers to the range of garbage materials—arising from animal and human activities—that are discarded as unwanted and useless. Solid waste is generated from industrial, residential, and commercial activities in a given area, and may be handled in a variety of ways. Waste can be categorized based on material, such as plastic, paper, glass, metal, and organic waste.
Categorization may also be based on hazard potential, including radioactive, flammable, infectious, toxic, or non-toxic wastes. Categories may also pertain to the origin of the waste, whether industrial, domestic, commercial, institutional, or construction and demolition. Regardless of the origin, content, or hazard potential, solid waste must be managed systematically to ensure environmental best practices.
Solid waste management is defined as the discipline associated with control of generation, storage, collection, transport or transfer, processing and disposal of solid waste materials in a way that best addresses the range of public health, conservation, economic, aesthetic, engineering, and other environmental considerations. In its scope, solid waste management includes planning, administrative, financial, engineering, and legal functions.
Solutions might include complex inter-disciplinary relations among fields such as public health, city and regional planning, political science, geography, sociology, economics, communication and conservation, demography, engineering, and material sciences. Solid waste management practices can differ for residential and industrial producers, for urban and rural areas, and for developed and developing nations.
The administration of non-hazardous waste in metropolitan areas is the job of local government authorities. On the other hand, the management of hazardous waste materials is typically the responsibility of those who generate it, as subject to local, national, and even international authorities. The primary goal of solid waste management is reducing and eliminating adverse impacts of waste materials on human health and the environment to support economic development and superior quality of life.
This is to be done in the most efficient manner possible, to keep costs low and prevent waste buildup. As the field of solid waste management advances, solutions are being looked at more systematically and holistically. ISWMfor example, is an increasingly important term in the field of waste management. It refers to the selection and use of appropriate management programs, technologies, and techniques to achieve particular waste management goals and objectives.
The U.Waste poses a threat to public health and the environment if it is not stored, collected, and disposed of properly. The perception of waste as an unwanted material with no intrinsic value has dominated attitudes towards disposal. This study investigates the domestic waste practices, waste disposal, and perceptions about waste and health in an urban community.
The study utilised a mixed-method approach.
Household Hazardous Waste (HHW)
A cross-sectional survey questionnaire and in-depth interview were used to collect data. A total of household heads were interviewed in the survey and six key informants were interviewed with the in-depth interviews. The results of the study revealed that The study also showed that The remaining Of those who paid for the services of private contractors, There was a general perception that children should be responsible for transporting waste from the households to dumping sites.
Proper education of the public, the provision of more communal trash bins, and the collection of waste by private contractors could help prevent exposing the public in municipalities to diseases. Globally, millions of tons of municipal solid waste are generated every day. Urban waste management is drawing increasing attention, as it can easily be observed that too much garbage is lying uncollected in the streets, causing inconvenience, environmental pollution, and posing a public health risk [ 12 ].
The problem of solid, liquid, and toxic-waste management in Africa has come with urbanization in the developing world. An important feature of the urbanization of the developing world is the rapid growth of cities and metropolitan areas. The high rate of urbanization in African countries implies a rapid accumulation of refuse.
Social and economic changes that most African countries have witnessed since the s have also contributed to an increase in the waste generated per capita [ 34 ]. As a result, municipal waste management constitutes one of the most crucial health and environmental issues facing managers of African cities [ 56 ].
Proper waste management is a public benefit and obligation. Improper waste disposal by one individual affects the entire citizenry, so, as a policy, countries have tasked every individual, establishment or institution to contribute significantly to the process of keeping their communities and environment clean [ 7 - 9 ].
In the colonial days, the population of the Ghana, then the Gold Coast, was below six million and waste was better managed. The waste generated in the s was less voluminous and less complex than today, consisting largely of leaves, paper and wood products, with little plastic or hazardous chemicals [ 9 ]. The poor waste management situation in recent years has led to a high incidence of sanitation related illness, such as cholera, intestinal worms and typhoid.
These are among the top ten diseases that have been recorded, which raises the alarm of a public health crisis [ 10 - 13 ]. In Ghana, problems are encountered at all levels of waste management, particularly, collection, transportation and disposal. While existing waste disposal facilities are inadequate to deal with the quality and quantity of waste generated, more sophisticated systems are expensive and their maintenance requirements are high [ 14 ].
In Ghana, a study conducted at Kodiabe, which involved direct observations at disposal sites from five divisions, focused on the way in which refuse materials were disposed [ 15 ].
Similarly, a study done in Khulna, Bangladesh found that city dwellers think because they pay taxes it is the sole responsibility of the city authority to provide them with a nuisance-free habitable city [ 17 ]. Typically, local governments are responsible for the collection and disposal of the wastes generated within their jurisdiction, as well as for the operation and maintenance of their equipment.
However, local governments usually lack the authority and resources to provide a satisfactory and economically viable service. Effective and efficient solid waste management depends upon an equitable distribution of responsibilities, authority, and revenue between the national government and all the local governments [ 18 ]. However, there is a growing perception that inadequate education about the importance of proper sanitation account for poor waste management practices in Ghana.
Other factors accounting for this situation are poor attitudes and lack of concern about environmental issues, high levels of poverty and misguided waste disposal practices [ 1920 ]. As in many developing countries, waste management in Ghana is a complex issue that has been a major issue on the priority list of successive governments, local authorities, and international donors in recent years.
Waste management is a growing problem in Ghana, and despite large investments that have been made to meet the challenges of effective waste management in urban Ghana, there is little evidence that such efforts are having their expected effect [ 21 ]. Although huge capital investment is required to improve waste management, social and behavioural factors are also important if waste management in urban areas is to be successful. It is in this light that the current study aims to investigate community practices and perceptions about solid waste management and it implications for health in urban Accra.
The purpose of the study was explained to all participants, after which written and verbal consent was received from each participant. All participants were assured of anonymity and the confidentially of the information received from them.